Classification and assignment of dental implants
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Classification and assignment of dental implants

Classification and assignment of dental implants

Dentistry - this is one area of medicine, from which "can not escape" any modern man. Unlikely there will be people nevervisited a dentist (aborigines do not count).

In Germany, dentistry is high and is known worldwide.

Presenting your attention the classification of implants

Total in modern dentistry, there are several basic types of dental implants. Based on the materials, the timing ofimplantation and implantation techniques, they are divided into:

• view subperiosteal implants
• Intraosseous form implants
• perosseous form implants.

The most commonly used in modern medicine the next type of prosthesis: intraosseous (endosseous), which, in turn, is divided into three types:

• Combined,
• Tapered,
• the plate.

Each of these types is divided into many sub-types:

- Most common - screw implants. They may be collapsible and teams. Between a thread and a different type ofmodification of the surface.

- The second most popular - disc, they can be installed regardless of the setting of the alveolar process - from its heightand other characteristics.

- Cylindrical implants are endowed with a textured surface and the maximum are set in two stages. In Germany, this type of implant has an innovative surface - a bioactive coating that promotes the best fixation in bone.

- Lamellar implants also have a number of advantages. They are used if the patient has a narrow jawbone. Maximumsurface is textured and close to the natural tooth structure.

- With overlays,
- Tubular implants
- Implants in the form of a natural tooth - the most popular on this day in Germany.
- Stepped,
- With lining.
- Ramus-FLAME - implants having a complex structure and are used for partial or complete atrophy of the maxillo-facial muscles.

Choosing one or another implant dentist guided weight factors, chief among which is the bone quality: its height, width and thickness.

Implantation method is also strictly classified and presented by:

• stage implantation - the possibility of prosthetics to-day operations,
• Two-stage implantation - crushing on the operating stage and remission stage prosthetics.

The timing of implantation, the procedure is divided into:

• Express implantation - a one-time appearance, characterized by the introduction of the implant into the hole vacatedimmediately after tooth extraction. This type can only be used if the bone and mucosa are in perfect condition. If you are experiencing inflammation and bleeding, possible infection of the blood.
• Delayed implantation. This type of implant is performed only after the 100% healing of the gums due to the removal of the tooth.
Materials for implants, too, are different. Give a classification of materials:
• Bioactive Implants, consisting of tricalcium phosphate, and metal (ceramic) coating.
• biotolerable implants made ​​of cobalt-chromium alloy. There are also implants made of stainless steel. They are currentlyused in implant dentistry. The reason for that - high risk of allergic reactions, fragility and low percentage of engraftment.
• bioinert implants manufactured from a titanium alloy, gold, glassy carbon, zirconia, alumina ceramics.

In the world there are many companies that produce dental implants. The most popular on this day are considered toGerman firms. In clinics in Germany used bioinert variations - a new generation. Techniques for this procedure in twoGerman hospitals - delayed implantation and rapid. All depends on the condition of the gums and bone of the patient.

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